Understanding Memory Disorders

Memory disorders are disorders of cognition, the ability to reason, remember, make decisions and communicate. Our team has in-depth experience treating a wide variety of memory disorders, including dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, mild cognitive impairment, vascular cognitive impairment and hydrocephalus.

Memory disorders can be caused by one or more factors, including:

  • aging
  • trauma
  • substance abuse
  • heredity (inheriting genes associated with Alzheimer’s or Huntington’s disease)
  • narrowing of the arteries that provide blood flow to the brain
  • cardiovascular disease
  • untreated infectious or metabolic disease
  • brain tumors
  • vitamin deficiencies.

Some types of memory disorders can appear suddenly, while others may be present years before symptoms become apparent. A skilled neurologist can help determine whether the progression of a memory disorder can be slowed or even reversed entirely.

Types of Memory Disorders

More than 100 health conditions are associated with cognitive  decline, the ability to reason, remember, make decisions and  communicate.

The most commonly occuring conditions are listed below.

  • Dementia
  • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Vascular cognitive impairment
  • Lewy body disease (LBD)
  • Frontotemporal dementias
  • Primary progressive aphasia
  • Autoimmune encephalopathy
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Huntington’s disease


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